Urinary leakage: discover the main causes and solutions

Did you know? Urinary leakage can be attributed to a number of causes resulting in uncontrolled loss of urine which can occur at any time, day or night. The causes are not disease-related but are mostly due to a physical disorder(1). Are you keen to find out more about the causes of urinary leakage? Saforelle can tell you more about this alongside the market launch of its latest product – urinary leakage (incontinence) pads.


What causes urinary leakage(1)? Learn to recognise the signs


 35% of pregnant women will experience urinary stress incontinence(2) from the 2nd trimester of pregnancy onwards. It can occur without warning, e.g. when you burst into laughter, carry out a sporting activity or if pressure builds up within the abdomen. These urinary disorders are caused by the weight of the baby pulling on the urinary tract support system. This pressure causes distension of the muscles, nerves and ligaments located in the region of the urethra. Consequently, the distended pelvic floor is less responsive in preventing urinary leakage(2).


The menopause

 Bladder weakness (when your bladder loses its ability to contract) is one cause of menopause-related urinary incontinence(3). The fall in oestrogen levels impacts abdominal muscle tone along with the texture of the vaginal wall and urinary tract, which becomes less supple. In addition, the position of the bladder may change. All of these changes contribute to urinary leakage in women over 50 years of age(4).


The ageing process and loss of fitness

 It is estimated that 10% of individuals over 75 years of age are affected by urinary continence and 25% of over 85 year-olds(3)(4). Ageing alters the fibres that make up the bladder and sphincter muscles. It should, however, be noted that some conditions such as diabetes or cognitive disorders including Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s disease are to be taken into consideration when determining the causes of urinary leakage(4). Excess weight and obesity can also cause pressure on the bladder and promote urine expulsion(5).


Taking certain medicinal products

Some medicinal products(6) are likely to increase the risk of onset of urinary leakage. This applies to the following, for instance:

  • Diuretics, which may increase the volume of urine excreted;
  • Antidepressants, neuroleptics, anxiolytics and opiates which may cause urine retention by distending the bladder;
  • Muscle relaxants, which can act on the pelvic muscles;
  • Nasal decongestants, sometimes causing the bladder to relax.



 Chronic constipation contributes to the problem of urinary incontinence by weakening the pelvic floor(7). This applies in particular when hard, compressed stools are trapped in the rectum.


Some foods and drinks

Although diet per se is not a direct cause of incontinence, some foods might irritate the bladder(9). Foods with an excessively high salt content encourage greater fluid intake. Excess sugar can also trigger an over-active bladder and acidifies the urine. The following foods can cause urinary leakage: citrus fruits, spices and dairy produce such as milk and cheese. Alcohol, coffee, tea and soft drinks should also be avoided(10).


Saforelle – your ally in promoting comfort


Have you noticed urinary leakage? There are solutions to remedy the problem!


Perineal rehabilitation with the Pelvi’tonic device

Saforelle Pelvi’Tonic is an intra-vaginal medical device designed to prevent urinary leakage. It helps to strengthen your perineum by restoring tone. It is inserted into the vagina and, thanks to the metal ball it contains, causes pelvic floor vibrations each time you move. The device can be worn at any time of day and works discreetly without you even noticing.


Kegel exercises

Kegel exercises(11)(12) are urinary leakage exercises that involve contracting and relaxing the perineum. They are intended to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles. Studies have shown that women who do these exercises have less incontinence, especially post-partum.

When carrying out the Kegel exercises, you are advised to wear the Pelvi’Tonic – the ideal solution for strengthening the perineal muscles and preventing urinary leakage.


Incontinence briefs

The Saforelle Bladder Weakness Panty(13) is a traditional, ultra-thin, cotton undergarment. The innovation for this product lies in its patented ProtechDRY® technology, preventing leakage and ensuring comfort and discretion at the same time. This ultra-comfortable, washable and reusable brief is Oeko-tex-certified. Made from 95% organic cotton, this garment protects you from daily urinary leakage thanks to its absorbent power, derived from the layering of technological fabrics to prevent the sensation of dampness!


Urinary leakage (incontinence) pads: a newcomer to the Saforelle product range

Saforelle is also pleased to announce the launch of its latest product available from April onwards: urinary leakage (incontinence) pads. You will very quickly appreciate the comfort of this product on a daily basis. With their 100% organic cotton surface and OEKO-TEX Standard 100® certification, these pads will be your best ally against mild urinary leakage. They combat leakage, moisture and odour in one go! Incontinence is due to various causes, as you can see. But rest assured, the minor problem of urinary leakage can be easily managed! Whether your incontinence is due to pregnancy-related bladder weakness, menopause or other physiological causes, Saforelle is here to take care of your well-being requirements, day after day.


Pelvi’Tonic: Manufactured by ECAREYOU Innovation SL, distributed by Laboratoires IPRAD PHARMA. Read the package leaflet carefully. You are advised to consult a health professional prior to use. This medical device is a regulated health product which bears the CE mark under this regulation.

Bladder Weakness Panty for women presenting mild to moderate urinary leakage. Manufactured by IMPETUS PORTUGAL TEXTEIS SA, distributed by Laboratoires IPRAD PHARMA. Read the package leaflet carefully. You are advised to consult a health professional prior to use. This medical device is a regulated health product which bears the CE mark under this regulation.

Urinary leakage pads for women presenting mild urinary leakage. Manufactured by Drylock Technologies s.r.o, distributed by Laboratoires IPRAD PHARMA. Read the package leaflet carefully. You are advised to consult a health professional prior to use. This medical device is a regulated health product which bears the CE mark under this regulation.


  1. https://www.passeportsante.net/fr/Maux/Problemes/Fiche.aspx?doc=incontinence_urinaire_pm
  2. https://www.passeportsante.net/fr/Actualites/Dossiers/DossierComplexe.aspx?doc=fuites-grossesse#:~:text=En%20cause%20%3F,plaignent%20de%20fuites%20urinaires3
  3. https://www.tena.fr/femmes/vivre-avec-fuites-urinaires/comment-vivre-au-quotidien-avec-incontinence/menopause#:~:text=De%20nombreuses%20femmes%20souffrent%20de,vessie%2C%20entra%C3%A Enant%20des%20fuites%20urinaires
  4. https://www.sphere-sante.com/incontinence-information/incontinence-chez-la-personne-agee.html
  5. https://www.perineeshop.com/blog/index/billet/13956_fuites-urinaires-surpoids-obesite-pourquoi#:~:text=L’ob%C3%A9sit%C3%A9%20peut%20aussi%20entrainer,cela%20g%C3%A9n%C3%A8re%20des%20 fuites%20urinaires
  6. https://www.passeportsante.net/fr/Actualites/Dossiers/DossierComplexe.aspx?doc=medicaments-incontinence#:~:text=Plusieurs%20antipsychotiques%2C%20parmi%20lesquels%20le,risque%20augment%C 3%A9%20d’incontinence%20urinaire
  7. https://www.sphere-sante.com/incontinence-question/fuite-urinaire-et-constipation-61.html#:~:text=La%20constipation%2C%20de%20part%20les,donc%20une%20d%C3%A9t%C3%A9rioration%20du%20p%C3%A9rin%C3%A9e
  8. https://urologie-archette.fr/domaines-expertise-urologie/incontinence-urinaire-prolapsus/
  9. https://www.oplusmedical.fr/aliments-contre-incontinence-urinaire/
  10. https://www.passeportsante.net/fr/Actualites/Dossiers/DossierComplexe.aspx?doc=astuces-contre-inc ontinence-urinaire#:~:text=Dans%20ce%20cas%2C%20il%20est,riches%20en%20fibres%20sont%20con seill%C3%A9s
  11. https://fr.saforelle.com/conseils-d-experts/la-reeducation-perineale.html
  12. https://sante.journaldesfemmes.fr/fiches-sexo-gyneco/2652951-exercices-de-kegel-c-est-quoi-femme-h omme-comment-renforcer-son-perinee/
  13. https://fr.saforelle.com/culotte-fuites-urinaires-v2666.html

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